More Important note: Version 2.0.4 has been slapped together in a hurry to have a fixed point to start a new Minix project at. The code should be OK, but most new things haven't been tested. (So there's already a fix out.) The documentation is alas far behind all the changes.
Important note: Version 2.0.4 will not run on a system with only 640K! The halfbaked swapping code does not fully compensate for the increased memory use of other parts of the system, most notably the shell. The documentation has not been updated to reflect this, because we still have the hope that the next version will again run on the XT.
This directory and subdirectories contains Minix version 2.0.4, a small educational UNIX-like system for IBM PC's and compatibles.

Before installing Minix, do the unthinkable and read the installation manual usage(8). It and the possibly useful boot(8) are in the following files in two forms:    - PostScript
  usage.txt  boot.txt   - Flat ASCII text
Alternatively, with a web browser you can view the whole manual page set. The page to start with is usage(8).
These files may also be of interest:
  md5list               - MD5 checksums of the files here
  crclist               - Checksums using Minix crc command
  crc.c                 - Command to make CRC checksums
  changes.txt           - List of changes between 2.0.0 and 2.0.4
  psman/                - All manuals in PostScript form

Minix for the Intel architecture comes in three flavors:
  - Regular (for 386, 486, and Pentium machines)
  - Small (for 286 machines)
  - Running under DOS/Windows/Bochs/WMWare(?).

The bits and pieces of each flavor are distributed over the i386, i86, src directories, depending on architecture (386+ or 286), or source files (src). (Take a peek in those directories if you want to know the file sizes.) You need the following files, and only those files, for each flavor:

386, 486, Pentium

  i386/ROOT.MNX         - Installation root floppy image
  i386/USR.MNX          - Installation /usr floppy image
  i386/NET.TAZ          - Network install files (optional!)
  i386/USR.TAZ          - Binary /usr files (386 executables)
  src/SYS.TAZ           - Operating system sources (libary, kernel, etc.)
  src/CMD.TAZ           - Commands sources (cp, ls, mkdir, etc.)
  src/FIX.TAZ           - Fixed RTL8139 driver (install last)

286 with 2M+ memory
286 with a 1.44M floppy drive
286 with two 720K floppy drives

  i86/ROOT.MNX          - Installation root floppy image
  i86/USR.MNX           - Installation /usr floppy image
  i86/NET.TAZ           - Network install files (optional!)
  i86/USR.TAZ           - Binary /usr files (8086 executables)
  src/SYS.TAZ           - Operating system sources (libary, kernel, etc.)
  src/CMD.TAZ           - Commands sources (cp, ls, mkdir, etc.)

Running under DOS in 386 mode

  dosminix.txt          - README (also present in ZIP file)
  i386/DOSMINIX.ZIP     - Bootstrap and 50M "disk"

Running under DOS in 8086/286 mode
Running under Windows in a DOS box in 8086 mode (experimental)

  dosminix.txt          - README (also present in ZIP file)
  i86/DOSMINIX.ZIP      - Bootstrap and 50M "disk"

The files with names ending in .MNX are sector-by-sector copies of Minix floppies or disks. The .TAZ files are compressed UNIX tar archives. The .ZIP files are archives that can be unpacked by the Windows utilities PKZIP or WinZip.


The two installation floppies ROOT.MNX and USR.MNX can be combined on a 1.2 Mb or 1.44 Mb diskette. The .TAZ files must be distributed over several floppies. Example for UNIX:
        cat ROOT.MNX USR.MNX >/dev/floppy
        dd if=USR.TAZ of=/dev/floppy bs=1440k count=1 skip=0
        dd if=USR.TAZ of=/dev/floppy bs=1440k count=1 skip=1
        dd if=USR.TAZ of=/dev/floppy bs=1440k count=1 skip=2
Increase the "skip" count until dd writes a diskette partially. /dev/floppy should be the name of the floppy device. You have to find out what your Operating System names it today. Under MS-DOS you can use the FDVOL command found in the ../dosutil directory to write the floppy images.

Be careful when you install Minix, many of the commands are potentionally dangerous in a way that a simple typing mistake may destroy all other data on your system. So make backups first! (The DosMinix version, however, is relatively safe.)

Kernel configurations

The kernel images present in the NET.TAZ collection differ as follows in the <minix/config.h> include file:
				i86	i386
	NR_PROCS		 40	  64
	NR_BUFS				2048
	NR_BUF_HASH			4096
	ENABLE_CACHE2		 	   0
	ENABLE_PCI		  1	   1
	DMA_SECTORS		 16	  64
	ENABLE_DP8390		  1	   1
	ENABLE_RTL8139			   1
	NR_RS_LINES		  2	   4
	NR_PTYS			  4	   8